Newsletter Team

Hawk News Team/Production Team
Sponsors: Karen Brock, and Michelle Medlin
 
Editor: Davis Tucker
Co Editors: Kinsey Mangum
Harrison Outlaw
 
7th Grade
Braelyn Oliver
 
6th Grade
Tiffany Funderburk
Tashia Quick
Analiese Fleck
Aubrey Miller

Martin Luther King Jr

By: Davis Tucker

             Martin Luther King Jr. was born on January 15, 1929 in Atlanta Georgia. He was the son of Martin Luther King Sr. and Alberta Williams King. As a child, King attended segregated public schools and was later enrolled at Morehouse College at age 15 where he studied law and medicine. He later enrolled at Boston University where he earned his doctorate in systematic theology. While in school at Boston, King met his wife-to-be Coretta Scott. They were married in Birmingham, Alabama in 1953 where Martin became pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church.

The Kings faced many challenges while in Birmingham as it was the epicenter of the civil rights movement. On December 1, 1955, a woman named Rosa Parks refused to give up her public bus seat to a white man. After refusing to yield, Parks was then thrown off the bus and arrested. This event started the Birmingham bus boycott where people of color refused to ride public busses at all costs. The bus company was put into severe economic debt as the civil rights activists kept protesting. While this was happening, boycotters chose Martin Luther King Jr. as their leader and public spokesperson. In 1963, King organized the March on Washington which was a peaceful rally to protest racial segregation against African Americans. The rally drew in nearly 300,000 people and it is where Dr. King gave his famous “I have a Dream” speech. In the speech, King spoke about how he hoped that one day, people of different races will come together and make peace. The speech was an important part in the civil rights movement and Dr. King’s most famous speech.

Not everyone liked Dr. King’s methods. White radicals disagreed with the civil rights movement and made threats to Martin Luther King Jr. and his family. On the evening of April 4, 1968, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was shot and killed on a balcony in a hotel in Memphis TN. The killer was James Earl Ray who was later sentenced to 99 years in prison. In the wake of King’s death, President Lyndon Johnson declared the day a national day of mourning as riots broke out across the country.

The civil rights movement was the driving force behind changing segregation laws and helping to start a path of equality.  Martin Luther King Jr. was an important figure in this movement and in American history. Without the thoughts and actions of Dr. King, America would be a much different place today.

Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1793
 Kinsey Mangum, Co-Editor
 
 During the yellow fever epidemic of 1793, in Philadephia, over 5,000 people died. it was one of the first major epidemics of yellow fever in the United States, and it devastated America's early capital.
 
Yellow fever is like malaria; they are both transferred by mosquitoes. Yellow fever gets its name from the eyes and kin of the victims.  Their skin and eyes turn a sickly yellow color.  In more serious cases of the fever, heart, liver, and kidney problems occur along with "black vomit" caused by the bleeding inside of the stomach.
 
Yellow fever came into Philadelphia from refugees from a yellow fever epidemic in the Caribbean.  In only a few weeks, people all in the city began experiencing symptoms.  The warm weather provided a good environment for the mosquitoes to thrive and affect even more people. By mid October, 100 people were dying of the fever daily.  Public servants got so strained by caring for people that the local city government collapsed.
 
The doctors failed to understand the disease's method of transmission and origin. Come doctors, such as Dr. Benjamin Rush, prescribed treatments like blood-letting, which was toxic to patients of Yellow Fever. Dr. Rush was one of the early America most famous doctors. Rush advised people to flee the city while he stayed behind in an attempt to treat victims.  Rush's extreme treatment methods included blood letting and vomiting because he believed yellow fever was caused by unsanitary conditions.  His methods caused even more illness in his patients.  the French doctors' methods were more cautious and gentle and were proven to me more effective in keeping the patients alive.
 
In November 1793, the first two frosts came killing off the mosquitoes, which were the main transmitters.  The yellow fever epidemic of 1793 was devastating for Philadelphia and the was thankful to see it finally end.
 

History of Ash Wednesday

By: Braelyn Oliver

 

          It’s almost springtime, and that usually means flowers in bloom, being able to wear something other than thirty layers of clothing, and a break from the cold.  I can’t wait!  Springtime also is the time of Ash Wednesday, Good Friday, and of course Easter.  When you hear someone mention Easter you can occasionally think of Good Friday, but people rarely think of Ash Wednesday.  So, what is Ash Wednesday, and why does it have any importance?

          Each year, Ash Wednesday marks the beginning of Lent. Often called the Day of Ashes, Ash Wednesday starts Lent by focusing the Christian’s heart on repentance and prayer, usually through personal and communal confession, according to Christianity.com.  Before you can get to Ash Wednesday, Fat Tuesday must come along.  Fat Tuesday, also known as Marti Gras, is about the carnival events either before or after the Christian feasts of the Epiphany the day before Ash Wednesday.  For example, say you were to give up cereal for Lent. Fat Tuesday is the last day you can eat cereal before Good Friday, or on the Sundays in between.

          Ash Wednesday is the start of Lent.  Lent, in the Christian church, is a period of penitential preparations for Easter. In Western churches it begins on Ash Wednesday, six and a half weeks before Easter, and provides for a 40-day fast (Sundays are excluded), in imitation of Jesus Christ’s fasting in the wilderness before he began his public ministry; according to Britannica.com.  So Lent is the action of fasting of something, whether it be food or actions, for the forty days to imitate Jesus’s fasting in the desert.

          What does Lent have anything to do with Ash Wednesday? Ash Wednesday marks the start of Lent.  Which is why Ash Wednesday is important as well.  Ash Wednesday is traditionally also a service in some churches where ashes are spread across one’s head to show repentance and as a symbolization of what their hearts are focusing on that day.  The ashes are usually spread across the forehead in the shape of a cross.

          Now that you know about what Fat Tuesday and Ash Wednesday are, and why they are important, look around to see what people are participating in the season of Lent and in Ash Wednesday.  Maybe next year, or even this year you might participate in it too.

 
 

The Summer Olympic
By Harrison Outlaw
The 2020 Summer Olympic are going to be in Tokyo, Japan after beginning in Brazil in 2016. The Summer Olympic are every 4 years and move to a different location every time. The Summer Olympics features many summer sports.

The Summer Olympics host many of the worlds best athletes in some of the best summer sport including archery, sailing, rugby, tennis, diving, basketball, golf,hockey, and many more. All of these sports have a winner or a winning team  they all represent a country and the athletes that win get a gold medal.

The Olympics also brings many tourists to where they are being held. All the tourists help out the economy in these locations. Though the location has to construct all of the facilities for the sports it is worth the investment.

In the Olympic the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd place winners get medals, 1st getting gold, 2nd getting silver, and 3rd gets bronze. Only the best athletes in the each country get to go compete for these medals and only the best in the world receive these medals. It is a honor for any body who get one of these medals.

The 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo is going to be a great event to watch. We can see which country is best in which sports and has the best athletes. Also we can pick our favorite athletes and see if they go to the 2024 Olympic as well.

Harrison Outlaw
Student
New Heights Middle School

Tiffany Funderburk
Tashia Quick
Aubrey Miller
Turtles and Plastic Straws
 
     Plastic straws are the worst. Plastic straws are rarely recyclable, requiring special facilities, and they almost always end up in a landfill, or worse the ocean. Over their lifespan the straw breaks down into smaller and smaller, even microscopic pieces.
     What is the problem with plastic straws? The main reason cited for eliminating plastic straws is their negative impact on our oceans and marine wildlife. Plastic in the ocean is a huge problem.
     Plastic harms the turtles by it being in the ocean. Most plastic straws simply break into even smaller particles, releasing chemicals into the soil, air, and water that are harmful to animals, plants, people, and the environment.
     100,000 marine creatures a year die from plastic entanglement. And these are the ones found. Approximately 1 million sea birds also die from plastic. A plastic bag can kill numerous animals because they take so long to disintegrate.
     As seen in the video of a turtle with a plastic straw in his nose, it's easy for straws, which are sharper than they look. They harm the turtles, besides the choking hazard, the sends animals a false sense of having a full stomach, leading the to die of starvation.
Analiese Fleck
 
Sphynx Cats
 
Sphynx cats are mostly known for their hairless bodies. They are specifically bred for that reason. This all started in 1966 when a female cat gave birth to a hairless male kitten. The hairlessness is actually a genetic mutation through cats. After that the sphynx cats were popular and were sold and bred worldwide. The price of a sphynx cat is high priced and can really affect your income. They sell for about $75-$100. Sometimes if you buy a sphynx cat from a breeder, it'll cost you as high as $1,000! That's a lot for a hairless cat!
The body features on a sphynx cat are very interesting. They lose more body heat then coated cats. This makes their skin more warm and comfortable to touch. Their body temperature is at an average of 99.5-102.5 degrees Fahrenheit. These cats are 8-10 inches tall and can weigh about 6-12 pounds. They are heavy and muscular for their breed. The ears on these cats are much like bat ears. Their eyes are round and wide and area slightly cornered.
The personality of a sphynx cat is confusing. They can be mischievous and outgoing! They are very talkative, intelligent, playful and cuddly. Sphynx cats make great house pets and can be very easy to adapt with. They are gentle with kids and other cats. The sphynx cat breed does not like being left alone at all. They need a lot of attention and love and can sometimes be very desperate.
Sphynx cats are so affectionate, they are good therapy cats. There is just something about these cats that makes them so comforting and warm. sphynx cats don't have hair, obviously, but because of this sphynx cats are low in body heat. They need sweaters and shirts to help keep them warm. Low body temperature is a bad threat to sphynx cats, they could become ill. Unlike other cats,sphynx cats like to wear clothes.They will accept any type of clothing you put on them.
Sphynx cats aren't really the best smiling cats. Because of their love to groom themselves, sphynx cats often smell bad. Not all sphynx cats necessarily "smell", but because of the amount of grooming they do, they just smell little worse than any other cat. Now this isn't a part of the smell things, but sphynx cats need frequent baths. Without fur, their skin becomes oily and sweaty. These baths can help them keep healthy skin and bodies too. Sphynx cats are really interesting animals and can be very fun to get along with.
 

Spring pictures will be taken March 27th during your student’s elective classes.

If you have 2 or more students at New Heights, they will be allowed to be photographed together.

Basketball, soccer, softball and baseball pictures will also be taken, a team picture and individual. We begin at 2:00 with Basketball first, softball and baseball.  Soccer will be last and will require students to stay after school until 4:00 p.m. Packet information will be passed a week prior to picture day.